Updated September 24, 2020About 150 million American adults drink coffee, with the average person consuming 3 cups of coffee every day. Coffee is a common caffeine source, but how much caffeine is in one cup of coffee? Our article examines factors that determine caffeine content, and we also share how much caffeine the most well-known coffee drinks contain.What Affects Caffeine Amount?Factors that affect how much caffeine is in one coffee cup include bean type, roast, grind size, and brewing method.Bean TypeThere are two types of coffee beans—Arabica beans and robusta beans. About 70 percent of the world’s coffee comes from Coffea arabica or Arabica coffee beans. Arabica beans have a rich flavor but contain less caffeine than robusta beans.Robusta coffee beans, or Coffea canephora, contain almost twice as much caffeine as arabica beans. However, because robusta beans are more bitter, coffee roasters are limited in expanding its flavor. Cheaper coffee blends, like instant coffee, use robusta beans.RoastThe length of time coffee beans are roasted also affects the caffeine content. Roasting coffee beans enhances the flavor, but coffee beans lose water and caffeine during the roasting process. Light roasts and medium roasts have more caffeine than dark roasted coffee beans, but light and medium roasts won’t have as rich of a flavor as darker roast coffee beans.Grind SizeGrind size influences how much caffeine is extracted from ground coffee beans. For instance, brewing coffee with a smaller grind size produces higher caffeine content compared to a coarse grind. Grinding coffee breaks down roasted coffee beans to extract flavor and caffeine, so a smaller grind results in a stronger coffee.Brewing MethodThe brewing method refers to how coffee and caffeine is extracted from coffee beans through water. The hotter the water temperature, the higher the caffeine content.French Press CoffeeThe French press method was first created back in the 1850s to extract coffee in its purest form.The following is the basic instructions for the French press method:Remove the plunger and add ground coffee beans.Pour hot water over the coffee grounds, then slightly stir the mixture to remove clumps.Let it sit for 3 minutes to allow the coffee to brew in hot water.Place the lid with the attached plunger to the container and gently press down to filter the coffee.Drip CoffeeThe drip or filter method is the most popular method of brewing coffee. Drip coffee doesn’t produce the highest caffeine content, but it still gives you a sizable caffeine dose.Unlike the French press method, drip coffee is produced from a machine. The coffee machine first electronically heats cold water. The hot water is filtered down through a container filled with ground coffee beans, where the liquid steeps for several minutes. The machine then filters the liquid coffee into a waiting cup of jug underneath.Different Types of Coffee DrinksThere are different types of coffee drinks with varying amounts of caffeine. Like espressos, some coffee drinks have concentrated amounts of caffeine, while other coffee beverages, including instant coffee, have less caffeine.Coffee DrinkServing Size (oz)Caffeine (mg)Instant Coffee8 ounces27 milligramsBrewed Coffee8 ounces95 milligramsBrewed Coffee Decaf8 ounces2 milligramsCold Brew8 ounces153 milligramsIced Coffee8 ounces65 milligramsEspresso2 ounces150 milligramsEspresso Decaf2 ounces1 milligramLatte8 ounces63 milligramsCappuccino6 ounces80 milligramsInstant CoffeeInstant coffee is freeze-dried brewed coffee in powder form. Instant coffee doesn’t need to be brewed—add a few teaspoons of instant coffee to an 8-ounce cup of hot water. Some coffee manufacturers produce instant coffee in a concentrated liquid form.Brewed CoffeeBrewed coffee, also known as regular coffee, is hot water poured over ground coffee beans and brewed for a few minutes. The mixture passes through a paper, cloth, or metal filter into a cup or jug. There are a few brewing options for brewed coffee, including using a filter, percolator, or a French press.Brewed coffee is also available in decaf. Decaf coffee follows the same brewing process as regular coffee but contains at least 97 percent less caffeine.Cold Brew CoffeeCold-brew follows a similar process as brewed coffee. Instead of hot water, cold water is poured over the ground coffee beans and left to soak for 12 hours. Cold brew coffee has more caffeine than regular coffee because of the longer soaking period extracts more sugars and caffeine.Iced CoffeeIced coffee is brewed coffee (coffee made with hot water) mixed with milk or ice cubes. The ice or milk dilutes the concentrated brew, so the drink is less acidic, but you get the full caffeine fix of a regular coffee cup.EspressoEspresso is made by pressing a small amount of hot water through finely-ground coffee beans. Espressos contain high amounts of caffeine but are served in smaller quantities. Espresso is also available in decaf to enjoy the strong espresso flavor with very little caffeine.Other espresso variations include the latte and cappuccino. A latte is when a small amount of espresso is combined with steamed milk and has a light layer of foam on top. A cappuccino has three distinct layers—the espresso bottom, the steamed milk middle, and the foam top.Does Decaffeinated Coffee Contain Caffeine? Despite the name, decaffeinated coffee still contains a small amount of caffeine. For example, an 8-ounce cup of brewed coffee contains 95 milligrams of caffeine, while the same 8-ounce cup of decaf brewed coffee only contains 2 milligrams of caffeine. During the decaffeination process, about 97 percent of caffeine is extracted from green coffee beans through water or activated carbon.Other Caffeinated DrinksIf you don’t enjoy the taste of coffee, but need to get your caffeine fix during the day to boost your energy, other caffeinated beverages, including some soft drinks, energy drinks, and teas, are great substitutes.Keep in mind that while soft drinks and energy drinks contain high caffeine levels, they may not be as healthy as plain coffee. Unlike black coffee, soft drinks and energy drinks contain large quantities of sugar, causing sugar spikes and crashes in your bloodstream—this is also why sugary coffee drinks can make you sleepy. Not only do these unhealthy drinks ultimately cause drowsiness, but they can also put you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.On the other hand, tea may be a healthier option than coffee. Some teas lower the risk of heart disease and cancer, strengthen the immune system, and improve weight loss.How Much is Too Much Caffeine?Coffee is high in antioxidants and can lower the risk of diseases, including Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, but drinking more than four cups of coffee a day may cause anxiety, heart palpitations, and sleep disruptions. Try to limit coffee consumption to three cups of coffee per day, and avoid drinking coffee after 3 pm, otherwise you may struggle to fall asleep at night.FAQsHow long will 1 cup of coffee keep you awake?Caffeine is a natural substance extracted from plants, like coffee beans. One cup of coffee contains 27 to 150 milligrams of caffeine, depending on the type of drink, and can keep you awake for about three to five hours. That’s why we recommend drinking coffee at least six to seven hours before bedtime—if you drink caffeine right before bed, it’ll keep you awake when you’re trying to fall asleep.What should I drink first thing in the morning?Drinking a glass of water first thing in the morning is a healthy practice because water jumpstarts your metabolism and rehydrates your body. Other health benefits include clearer skin, fewer aches and pains, and flushed toxins.Is tea better than coffee?Tea is healthier than coffee. Both coffee and tea are high in antioxidants, but tea contains polyphenols, which lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Unlike coffee, some teas help you relax and unwind at night, while other teas provide you with more energy during the day.Is coconut water more hydrating than water?In some ways, coconut water is more hydrating than water, but don’t completely replace your water intake with coconut water. Coconut water is a good choice after a workout or recovering from an illness. Coconut water contains natural electrolytes, like potassium, manganese, and sodium, which rehydrates your body. However, coconut water, unlike water, contains some sugar and calories. Plus, if you have high blood pressure, coconut water is not a good option because it contains sodium, which worsens high blood pressure.How do you flush caffeine out of your system?The best way to flush caffeine out of your system is to drink plenty of water, take deep breaths, and go for a walk. It may take some time, but these methods reduce symptoms of a caffeine overdose. Remember that caffeine is best in moderation, and too much causes headaches, nausea, and restlessness.ConclusionCaffeine content varies depending on the type of coffee drink, but all coffee drinks contain caffeine, including decaf coffee. Coffee drinkers can reap health benefits, including more energy, but should avoid consuming too much caffeine. Otherwise, you may experience high blood pressure and insomnia.This article is for informational purposes and should not replace advice from your doctor or other medical professional. CommentsLeave a comment Tonia September 18, 2020 at 6:39 am ReplyGreat article Leave a comment Cancel replyLeave a CommentYour email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Comment Name Email I agree to the Terms and Conditions of this website.